LA210

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Das LA210 ist ein sogenanntes EFM-Gerät, wobei EFM für "Ethernet in the First Mile" steht. So kann über SHDSL Ethernet bis zum Kundenstandort gebracht werden


Inhaltsverzeichnis

Factory reset

LA-210# admin factory-default


Reload

LA-210# admin reboot

Firmware überprüfen

LA-210# config system 
LA-210>config>system# show inventory-table


LA_210_2_60A2D3_SHDSL.IMG main-sw wäre eine aktuelle FW

Firmware upgrade

IP vergeben

LA-210# configure management host 1 no dhcp
LA-210# configure management host 1 ip-address x.x.x.x/xx

Firmware einspielen

file copy tftp://x.x.x.x/LA_210_2_60A2D3_SHDSL.IMG main-sw

Konfiguration

Das Modem wird anschließend mittels "copy&paste" konfiguriert.


Abschalten der nicht benötigten Ports

Sollten bei einem derartigen Modem nicht alle 4 SDSL-Ports benötigt werden, können Ports so auf "down" geschalten werden:

config port shdsl 4
shut


Somit leuchtet die WAN-led nicht mehr rot, wenn eine line nicht verwendet wirt, sondern nur mehr, wenn eine verwendete Line ausgefallen ist (in diesem Falle line 4)

Leitungsgüte

Nach der Inbetriebnahme können die Leitungswerte der einzelnen Lines abgefragt werden. Zu beachten wäre hier, dass die Lines mit 1 bis 4 bezeichnet werden


LA-210>config# show port shdsl 4 status


Name                  : Line 4                                                            
Administrative Status : Up                                                                
Operation Status      : Up                                                                
Wires                 : 2                                                                 
Transmission Mode     : B/G                                                               
Payload Rate (Kbps)   : 3080                                                              

Wires
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Num         State          SNR Margin     Loop Attenuation      Tx Power
                             (db)              (db)              (db)
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.           Data               5                20                 0

Fernwartung/Konfiguration

Das Modem ist von der Anbindungsseite her IDR fernwartbar, allerdings

  • nicht immer (fallweise ist kein Remotemanagement vorgesehen)
  • nur aus einer Managementplattform

Um nun Remotezugriff zu erhalten, was gerade bei Mehrdraht-SDSL durchaus sinnvoll sein kann, kann man sich des AUX-Ports des Routers dahinter bedienen. Das AUX mit der Konsolenschnittstelle des Modems verbinden, der Rest ist Konfiguration am Router:

Anlegen eines Loopback-Interfaces:

interface Loopback200
 ip address 1.1.1.1 255.255.255.255


Konfiguration der AUX-Schnittstelle:

line aux 0
 modem InOut
 transport input all


Nun muss noch die Linenummer der AUX festgestellt werden, dies passiert mit

ANOtherGate#sh line
   Tty Typ     Tx/Rx    A Modem  Roty AccO AccI   Uses   Noise  Overruns   Int
     0 CTY              -    -      -    -    -      0       0     0/0       -
*    5 AUX   9600/9600  - inout     -    -    -      1       0     0/0       -
*    6 VTY              -    -      -    -    -      4       0     0/0       -
*    7 VTY              -    -      -    -    -      2       0     0/0       -
     8 VTY              -    -      -    -    -      0       0     0/0       -
     9 VTY              -    -      -    -    -      0       0     0/0       -
    10 VTY              -    -      -    -    -      0       0     0/0       - 

Line(s) not in async mode -or- with no hardware support:
1-4

In dem Output lässt sich die AUX-Line als Nummer 5 ablesen. Nun kann vom Router aus die Konsolenverbidung auf das LA210 erfolgen. Hinter dem Befehl "telnet" wird die Loopback-IP angegeben, dahinter, durch ein Leerzeichen (!) getrennt, das Port, welches vorhin festgestellt worden ist, plus 2000

ANOtherGate#telnet 1.1.1.1 2005
Trying 1.1.1.1, 2005 ... Open


Zu beachten wäre allerdings, dass für das Erscheinen des Login-Promts mehrere Male die "ENTER"-Taste gedrückt werden muss...

Trennen der Verbindung erfolgt über eine weitere Sitzung auf den Router:

ANOtherGate#clear line 5
[confirm]
 [OK]
ANOtherGate#

In der Sitzung, die die Konsolenverbindung hergestellt worden ist, wird mit

[Connection to 1.1.1.1 closed by foreign host]Deleting login session

ANOtherGate#

das Ende der Konsolensitzung angezeigt

Fehlersuche

(Be)Deutung der Zeit

  • Zeit am Modem
LA-210# show configure system time
  • Zeit setzen
LA-210# configure system date-and-time time 10:41:00  
  • Uptime des Modems:
LA-210# show configure system device-information
Descriprion : LA-210 HW Version: 0.01, SW Version: 2.60A2D3               
Name        : LA-210                                                      
Location    : Location of the device                                      
Contact     : Name of the contact person                                  
MAC Address : 00:20:d2:37:7f:f8                                           
Sysup Time  : 000:00:55:00           

Eventlogs

LA-210# show configure system event-log

Ein Eintrag

DHCP CLIENT STARTED           Event   0                        0000-00-00  0:00:07

kann als "Modemneustart" gedeutet werden, da

  • der nächst neuere Eintrag "LINK UP Major 3 Ethernet Port 2011-01-24 10:25:00" lautet,
  • die Uptime mit "Sysup Time  : 000:02:32:46" angegeben ist und
  • die aktuelle Zeit am Modem "12:58:00" beträgt

(ein anderer Hinweis findet sich leider nicht in den eventlogs)

Weiters können an den eventlogs alle up/down-Änderungen der Interfaces ausgelesen werden:

LINK UP                       Major   2         Line           2011-01-24  10:26:30
DHCP LEASE OBTAINED           Event   0                        2011-01-24  10:26:10
LINK UP                       Major   3         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:47
LINK UP                       Major   1         PCS Port       2011-01-24  10:25:45
LINK UP                       Major   1         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:45
LINK DOWN                     Major   1         PCS Port       2011-01-24  10:25:00
LINK DOWN                     Major   4         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:00
LINK DOWN                     Major   3         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:00
LINK DOWN                     Major   2         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:00
LINK DOWN                     Major   1         Line           2011-01-24  10:25:00
LINK UP                       Major   3         Ethernet Port  2011-01-24  10:25:00
DHCP CLIENT STARTED           Event   0                        0000-00-00  0:00:07

Tree

|
+---admin
|   |
|   +---factory-default
|   |
|   +---reboot
|   |
|   +---save
|   |
|   +---user-default
|
+---configure
|   |
|   +---bridge
|   |   |
|   |   +---aging-time
|   |   |
|   |   +---clear-mac-address-table
|   |   |
|   |   +---filtering
|   |   |
|   |   +---port
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---accept-frame-type
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---egress-tag
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ingress-filtering
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ingress-tag
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---pvid
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---queue-mapping
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show bind
|   |   |
|   |   +---static-mac
|   |   |
|   |   +---static-mac
|   |   |
|   |   +---vlan
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---tagged-egress
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---untagged-egress
|   |   |
|   |   +---vlan-aware
|   |   |
|   |   +---show mac-address-table
|   |   |
|   |   +---show vlans
|   |
|   +---fault
|   |   |
|   |   +---cfm
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---service
|   |   |
|   |   +---fault-propagation
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---action-on-group
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---trigger
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---wait-to-restore
|   |
|   +---flows
|   |   |
|   |   +---classifier-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---match
|   |   |
|   |   +---flow
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---classifier
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---drop
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---egress-port
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ingress-port
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---mark
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---inner-vlan
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---vlan
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---policer
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---priority
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---test
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---vlan-tag
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show test
|   |   |
|   |   +---show summary
|   |
|   +---management
|   |   |
|   |   +---access
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---auth-policy
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---snmp
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ssh
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---telnet
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---terminal
|   |   |
|   |   +---host
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---arp-timeout
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---default-gateway
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---dhcp
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ip-address
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show status
|   |   |
|   |   +---manager
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---trap-mask
|   |   |
|   |   +---radius
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---server
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---address
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---auth-port
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---key
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---retry
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---timeout
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show status
|   |   |
|   |   +---snmp
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---community
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---snmp-engine-id-string
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---snmpv3
|   |   |
|   |   +---user
|   |
|   +---oam
|   |   |
|   |   +---cfm
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---ethertype
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---maintenance-domain
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---maintenance-association
|   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   +---ccm-interval
|   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   +---mep
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---ccm-initiate
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---ccm-priority
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---classification
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---continuity-verification
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---dest-addr-type
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---dest-mac-addr
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---lbm
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---linktrace
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---remote-mep
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---service
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---delay-threshold
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---delay-var-threshold
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---priority
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---show lbm-results
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---show linktrace-results
|   |   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   |   +---show status
|   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   +---name
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---md-level
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---name
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---proprietary-cc
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---multicast-addr
|   |   |
|   |   +---efm
|   |
|   +---port
|   |   |
|   |   +---ethernet
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---auto-negotiation
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-l2cp-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---dhcp-request
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---efm
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---egress-mtu
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---flow-control
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---l2cp
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---max-capability
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---mdix-auto-cross
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---policer
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---speed-duplex
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---tag-ethernet-type
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show l2cp-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show status
|   |   |
|   |   +---group
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---bind
|   |   |
|   |   +---l2cp-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---mac
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---protocol
|   |   |
|   |   +---pcs
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-l2cp-statistics 
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---dhcp-request
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---efm
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---egress-mtu
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---queue-group
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---tag-ethernet-type
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show l2cp-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show oam-efm
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show status
|   |   |
|   |   +---shdsl
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---loop-attenuation-threshold
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---power-backoff
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---snr-margin-threshold
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---tc
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show status
|   |
|   +---qos
|   |   |
|   |   +---marking-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---default
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---mark
|   |   |
|   |   +---policer-aggregate
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---clear-statistics
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---policer
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show flows
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |
|   |   +---policer-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---bandwidth
|   |   |
|   |   +---queue-block-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---queue
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---scheduling
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---shaper
|   |   |
|   |   +---queue-group-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---queue-block
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---name
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---profile
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---shaper
|   |   |
|   |   +---queue-map-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---map
|   |   |
|   |   +---shaper-profile
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---bandwidth
|   |
|   +---system
|   |   |
|   |   +---clear-event-log
|   |   |
|   |   +---contact
|   |   |
|   |   +---date-and-time
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---date
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---sntp
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---poll-interval
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---send-request
|   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   +---server
|   |   |   |   |   |
|   |   |   |   |   +---address
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---time
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---zone
|   |   |
|   |   +---forwarding-mode
|   |   |
|   |   +---inventory
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---alias
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---asset-id
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---serial-number
|   |   |
|   |   +---location
|   |   |
|   |   +---name
|   |   |
|   |   +---syslog
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---address
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---facility
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---port
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---severity-level
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---shutdown
|   |   |   |
|   |   |   +---show statistics
|   |   |
|   |   +---show device-information
|   |   |
|   |   +---show event-log
|   |   |
|   |   +---show inventory-table
|   |   |
|   |   +---show time
|   |
|   +---terminal
|   |   |
|   |   +---length
|   |   |
|   |   +---timeout
|
+---file
|   |
|   +---copy
|   |
|   +---delete
|   |
|   +---dir 

Global commands:
|
+---echo
|
+---exec
|
+---exit
|
+---help
|
+---history
|
+---info
|
+---logout
|
+---ping
|
+---trace-route
|
+---tree
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